Tuesday, July 26, 2005

MERLOT '05: The Long-Awaited Breakthrough? notes

Keynote by Sir John Daniel - presentation notes

  • Development through learning
    • 1. Challenge of making HE available to all
    • 2. Can eLearning help?
    • 3. Barriers to eLearning
    • 4. Partners for a better future
  • 1. Challenge of making HE available to all
    • The major trend: growth in demand
    • Demography: 7-8 billion (50% young) in developing world by 2025.
      Discrepancy: Developed APR 40% plus, developing APR 10% plus
    • cross-border post-secondary education negligible phenomenon in developing countries, therefore the developing world need home-grown solutions - is eLearning one of them?
  • 2. Can e-Learning help?
    • C.K. Prahalad: 'the fortune at the bottom of the pyramid' - an APR of 35% would yield 150 million students. Companies with the resources stand to gain.
    • The most promosing innovation in eLearning - Open Educaiton Resources (OERs), such as Open Source, open content, etc.
    • Barriers to sharing courseware:
      • 'not invented here'
      • copyright
      • non-digital formats - difficulty sharing, distributing, etc.
    • 4 questions:
      • Accessible?
        • 1. Connectivity?
        • 2. OERs available? e.g. MERLOT
          • OECD/UNESCO is mapping OER initiatives
          • UNESCO-IIEP - FOSS new forum on OERs and open content
          • COL - Access to multiple LORs (www.col.org/lor)
            Software = eRIB (Canarie) + pakXchange
      • Appropriate?
        • Copyright
      • Accredited?
        • Does eLearning require new QA criteria?
        • What can be done at the International level to promote trust and confidence?
        • 6 stakeholders: gov'ts, institutions, QA agencies, student associations, professional bodies, qualification recognition agencies
        • http://www.unesco.org/education/amq/guidelines
        • HE ODL Knowledge Base: www.unesco.org/odl
      • Affordable?
        • Digital divide -> digital dividend?
        • Virtual University for Small States of Commenwealth - potential of eLearning to promote national and regional development: http://www.col.org.virtualu
  • 3. Barriers to eLearning - what can we do?
    • Interests of gov't in eLearning
      • Efficiency
      • Effectivness
      • Economy
    • Roles of gov't
      • DON'T operate eLearning programs except for gov't functions
      • DO create the right context and frameworks
        • Centralized infrastructure
          • K-12 curriculum
          • facilitate creation of LORs
          • advise on LMSs
          • accurate info on copyright
        • Issues of bandwidth:
          • Telecoms legislation and monopolies - developing country institutions can pay over 100 times more for Internet access than in the industrialized world. Telecom companies buying overseas bandwidth and overselling to developing countries. Expensive connectivity handicaps.
          • little joint buying - institutions should club together to buy bandwidth (cheaper).
          • poor policy and management - define acceptable use (e.g. what kind of websites can be visited). Maximize benefits day and night (bandwidth demands lower at night, pre-caching resources for future). Extended hours of access.
        • LMS Evaluation Tool Use Guide (www.col.org/Consultancies/04LMSEvaluation.htm)
      • e.g. Canarie has done a great job
  • Challenges for us
    • 1. How to enhance collaboration?
      • Virtual forums (e.g. UNESCO-IIEP)
      • Funding collaboration (e.g. Hewlett)
      • Linking LORs (learning = common wealth)
      • Training in policy and practice
      • International collaboration (UNESCO / OECD)
    • 2. What can we do? How can we bring post-secondary education to the bottom of the pyramid (4 billion people)?


At 3:15 p.m., Anonymous Anonymous said...

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